Can population growth be controlled through urbanization? | LinkedIn Answers | LinkedIn
Can population growth be controlled through urbanization?
It is well known that birth rates are far lower in towns than in villages. Globally too, the developed countries have very high urban population percentages and that curbs any tendencies towards population expansion.
As family health wefare and modern medicines have spread through rural habitations, infant mortality has come down dramatically without a corresponding decline in birth rates. This has caused the population explosion of the last 100 years in countries like India.
The obvious solution staring us in the face is to urbanise on a war footing. However the democratic political system militates against this objectively. The emphasis and public debate is overwhelmingly in favor of transporting and providing modern amenities like roads, electricity, running water, sanitation, education and public health to villages directly.
Besides the fact that economically it is vastly sub-optimal to provide expensive modern facilities to farflung population clusters, this delays the process of human migration to cities and towns and directly adds to population growth.
The road map to schieve this would involve stopping all road maintenance for settlements below a defined population threshhold. Simultaneously, subsidies on electricity, fuel and communications need to be withdrawn gradually so that people find it less and less attractive to stay put in their villages and start looking to migrating to nearby towns.